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(1). Today I want to concentrate on discussing when and how I should retire.
(2). I have decided to retire.
(3). My retirement will be very beneficial.
(4). If I stay on and die at my post, it is hard to tell what repercussions that might evoke worldwide.
(5). Even if I am retired and no longer dealing with official business, I can still play some small role as long as I’m around.
(6). That’s because many foreigners know me, which to some extent affects their relations with China.
(7). There is nothing we can do about that.
(8). For the sake of China’s security, it is better for me to retire now than to wait until something bad happens, or to stay on at my posts until I die.
(9). I made up my mind to retire several years ago.
(10). I’ve said on many occasions that I wanted to retire, and I sincerely meant it.
(11). As things stand now, there is no perfect time for me to do so.
(12). Every time there was one reason or another why I should not retire.
(13). At the Party’s Thirteenth National Congress I secured a partial retirement.
(14). But I have always thought it would have been better if I had retired completely.
(15). We have to select as members of the leading bodies younger people and Marxists.
(16). We do have trained people with political integrity and a good understanding of Marxism-Leninism.
(17). In choosing leaders, we should not confine ourselves to Party members but should have a wider field of vision.
(18). In short, we must have some young people as leaders, or it will be difficult to carry on.
(19). Some members of the current Standing Committee of the Political Bureau are elderly, but some are relatively young.
(20). When they were elected, I said that it was important for both Chinese and foreigners to perceive them as people who would follow the policies of reform and opening to the outside world.
(21). As we see it now, domestic and international reaction to the leaders we elected at the Fourth Plenary Session of the Thirteenth Central Committee and to their recent actions has at least been quiet.
(22). People think the new leading body is reliable.
(23). This shows that it can gain the trust of the people and of the international community.
(24). If two or three or six months after the old-timers like us retire, the situation is really stable, if we have political stability and unity.
(25). If China is still developing and is continuing to follow its current line, principles and policies, then our influence will gradually wane.
(26). When this incident occurred, I didn’t think it would be right for me to retire immediately.
(27). It has been three months since then.
(28). But if a formal decision on my retirement is made at the Fifth Plenary Session of the Party’s Thirteenth Central Committee, to be held in about a month and a half.
(29). That will make four or five months, and by that time the political situation will be relatively calm, so that will be an opportune moment for me to retire.
(30). I have stated on many occasions that my last task is to take the lead in establishing a retirement system.
(31). I have already been trying to gradually get used to retirement.
(32). It will take time for me to completely relinquish the work I have been doing for decades.
(33). At the next national Party congress the Central Advisory Commission will be abolished and a retirement system established.
(34). What would you say to my retiring at the Fifth Plenary Session?
(35). We have been hesitating for so many years that my retirement has already been delayed.
(36). Old people have their own strengths and weaknesses.
(37). Their minds may fail at any time, and at a certain stage their physical strength also deteriorates.
(38). This is an unalterable law of nature, and old leaders have to be continually replaced by new ones.
(39). Under a retirement system, it will be fairly easy to replace leaders with new ones or to transfer them to other posts.
(40). Let’s consider this settled.
(41). That is the first question.
(42). The second question is the way in which I should retire.
(43). I have discussed it with Comrade Yang Shangkun, and we have agreed that the simpler it is, the better.
(44). We should not make a habit of singing the praises of people who retire.
(45). That isn’t necessary.
(46). If you have worked in the Party for decades, people know what you have accomplished in your lifetime and can form an objective evaluation.
(47). Having thought a lot about it, I’ve come to realize that it would be best for me to retire in a simple manner and to be the first to do so.
(48). A simple, neat and efficient way would be for the Central Committee to grant my request for retirement and say a few words about it.
(49). I have stated time and again that it is abnormal to base the fate of a country on the prestige of one or two persons.
(50). It is not good to eulogize them on the occasion of their retirement.
(51). Some other formalities, such as memorial meetings, which have been held too frequently and consumed a great deal of human and material resources, should also be simplified.
(52). All of us have worked for the revolution for decades and have achievements to our credit.
(53). We have also made some mistakes, but it is only our achievements that are made public.
(54). I have declined many times the request of foreigners that I write my autobiography.
(55). If an autobiography is only about the author’s merits and doesn’t speak of his mistakes, he is simply lavishing praise on himself.
(56). What’s the point of that?
(57). It is good that some comrades have written their memoirs.
(58). Comrade Nie Rongzhen has written realistically about his own experiences.
(59). Other people, such as Comrade Li Weihan, have also written about their mistakes.
(60). But some have mainly given publicity to themselves in their memoirs.
(61). That sort of thing is not commendable.
(62). The evaluation of me should not be too exaggerated or too high.
(63). Some people place me higher than Chairman Mao, which is not good.
(64). I am very much afraid of that--too high a reputation would be a burden for me.
(65). I hope you will see to it that both my retirement and my funeral are simple.
(66). The third question is to whom I should hand over my posts when I retire.
(67). We must have a chairman for the Military Commissions.
(68). First of all, we should decide on a chairman for the Party’s Military Commission, who will serve concurrently as chairman of the State Military Commission.
(69). The Party must keep control of the army, for the army has always been under its leadership.
(70). This could be clearly seen during the recent turmoil.
(71). The army led by the Party is also, of course, the army of the state.
(72). When I resign at the Fifth Plenary Session of the Central Committee, we should have a new chairman for the Central Military Commission, and there should also be some changes in the State Military Commission.
(73). It has been our tradition that the army obeys the Party, that no small cliques are formed and that power is not concentrated in just a few hands.
我们的传统是军队听党的话,不能搞小集团,不能搞小圈子,不能把权力集中在几个人身上。....(please sign in for more)
(74). The army must always place itself at the disposal of the CPC Central Committee and the Party.
军队任何时候都要听中央的话,听党的话....(please sign in for more)
(75). Only those who listen to the Party should be elected leaders of the army.
选人也要选听党的话的人。....(please sign in for more)
(76). The army must not do anything under its own banner.
军队不能打自己的旗帜。....(please sign in for more)
(77). I should like to propose that Comrade Jiang Zemin be appointed Chairman of the Central Military Commission.
我提议江泽民同志当军委主席。....(please sign in for more)
(78). In short, I’m not going to concern myself with the work of the Central Committee, except for extremely serious problems.
总之,以后中央的工作我不过问,除非特别大的问题。....(please sign in for more)
(79). In this way the new Central Committee, especially the Political Bureau and its Standing Committee, will be able to think independently and work on their own.
让新的中央,特别是政治局和政治局常委会独立思考,独立工作。....(please sign in for more)
(80). All the comrades of the Standing Committee are present today.
今天常委的同志都在....(please sign in for more)
(81). I hope you will create a good image domestically and internationally, an image of stability and unity, and be a model of stability and unity.
我希望你们给国际国内树立一个好的形象,一个安定团结的形象,而且是一个安定团结的榜样。....(please sign in for more)
(82). Ours is a big country. As long as our leaders remain stable and firm, nobody will be able to do anything against China.
我们是一个大国,只要我们的领导很稳定又很坚定,那末谁也拿中国没有办法。....(please sign in for more)
(83). China must have a leading collective with the image of people who favour the policies of reform and opening to the outside world. I hope you will pay special attention to this point.
中国一定要有一个具有改革开放形象的领导集体,这点请你们特别注意。....(please sign in for more)
(84). We cannot abandon those policies. If we stick to convention and do exactly what we did before, without trying new experiments and suffering some setbacks and failures, we shall never attain our strategic goals.
改革开放放弃不得。如果固守成规,照过去的老框框一模一样地搞,没有一些试验、一些尝试,包括受一些挫折、有一些失败的尝试,肯定达不到我们的战略目标。....(please sign in for more)
(85). We must really carry out reform and open to the outside--we can’t do it with our doors closed.
我们一定要真正地搞改革开放,不能关起门来搞。....(please sign in for more)
(86). In the next two to three years we should make thorough readjustments.
我们在两三年内要好好地调整。....(please sign in for more)
(87). We should correct our mistakes, such as inflation.
过去失误的,例如通货膨胀,弥补起来。....(please sign in for more)
(88). Recently I have been pleased with what’s going on among the students, they are doing some serious rethinking, and that’s very educational.
最近我看到学生的现象是可喜的,他们真正在反思,是个大教育啊。....(please sign in for more)
(89). They do have many problems, but it can be very educational for them to rethink what they did--that’s more important than reading any books.
问题是很多,但能进行反思就是一个最大的教育,比读什么书都重要。....(please sign in for more)
(90). We should step up education in the Four Cardinal Principles and basic Marxist theories.
我们要抓紧四项基本原则的教育,马克思主义基本理论的教育....(please sign in for more)
(91). If we do that for a few years, changes will take place in people’s social conduct.
搞几年风气就会变的。....(please sign in for more)
(92). If we try to straighten things out again on the literary and artistic front and persist in cleaning up the publications market according to the current plan, the situation will improve.
对文艺战线再加以整顿,整顿书刊市场照现在的部署坚持下去,会变的。....(please sign in for more)
(93). Our objective is to help people to have high ideals and moral integrity, to be well educated and have a strong sense of discipline.
我们的目标是“四有”。....(please sign in for more)
(94). In the 1950s Party members and the people as a whole had lofty ideals, were disciplined and committed to serving the people, and they loved the Party, the country and socialism.
五十年代,广大党员和人民讲理想,讲纪律,讲为人民服务,爱党,爱国家,爱社会主义....(please sign in for more)
(95). Weren’t those excellent attitudes and morals?
这样的社会风气和道德面貌不是很好吗....(please sign in for more)
(96). In the three hard years from 1959 through 1961, didn’t the Party and the people struggle in unity and surmount the difficulties?
三年困难时期,党和人民不是团结奋斗,渡过了难关吗....(please sign in for more)
(97). How good our people were!
多好的老百姓啊!....(please sign in for more)
(98). We should restore and promote this tradition.
我们要恢复和发扬这个传统。....(please sign in for more)
(99). Our army is good too.
我们这个军队也好啊!....(please sign in for more)
(100). There are new young commanders now--I don’t know any of them personally, but the army has certainly maintained its good traditions.
尽管现在换了一些年轻人,军长我一个都不认识,但是这个军队确实保持了好传统。....(please sign in for more)